Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control, where Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and spread to other parts of the body. Cancer that starts in the testicles is called testicular cancer, so understand this cancer, it helps to know about the normal structure and function of the testicles.
Testes have 2 main functions:
- They secrete male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone.
- They produce sperm, the male cells needed to fertilize a female egg cell to start a pregnancy.
Types of testicular cancer:
Germ cell tumors
- Classical seminoma: 95% of seminomas are classical.
- Spermatocytic seminoma:
Yolk sac carcinoma:
Carcinoma in situ of the testicle