Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is when the flow of urine goes the backward. This type of condition is more common among infants and young children.Urine, which is the liquid waste product from the body, normally it flows one way. It travels down from the kidneys, then into tubes (Ureter) and gets stored in the bladder.
Undescended Testes are a common childhood condition. So where the testes of patient are not present in their usual place. And, it means it is not in the scrotum. Because Undescended testes are present in about 1 in every 25 boys at birth.
Phimosis is normal in small babies and in toddlers. But in older children it may be the result of a skin condition that has caused scarring. It is not usually a problem unless it causes any symptoms. Immediate treatment is needed in cases where phimosis causes problems like difficulty in urinating.
Neurogenic bladder is bladder dysfunction, It may be flaccid or spastic. It is caused by neurologic damage. Symptoms can include: Overflow incontinence, Frequency, Urgency, Urge incontinence, Retention of Urine. Risk of serious complications Recurrent infection, Vesicoureteral reflux, Autonomic dysreflexia. Diagnosis: imaging and cystoscopy or urodynamic testing. Treatment: catheterization or measures to trigger urination.
Urinary incontinence: Involuntary voiding of urine ≥ 2 times/mo during the day or night is called incontinence. In primary incontinence, children have never achieved urinary continence for ≥ 6 months. In secondary incontinence, children have developed incontinence after a period of at least 6 months of urinary control.
It is the combination of three separate problems: the orifice through which urine passes (meatus) is not at the tip of the penis the foreskin is gathered at the back of the penis with none at the below level the penis may be bent downward when stiff. https://uroclinix.com/services/surgeries/chordee-correction/ https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/hypospadias
Bladder exstrophy and epispadias Skin over the lower abdominal wall (bottom part of the tummy) does not form properly. The bladder is open and exposed on the outside of the lower abdomen.
Epispadias: Epispadias is the rare congenital abnormality. It involves the opening of the urethra (the tube from which urine exit the bladder). In boys with epispadias, the urethra opens in top of the penis rather than its tip.
Chordee Chordee is a condition in which the penis curves downward or upward, at the junction of the head and shaft of the penis. The curvature is usually most clear during erection. Treatment The treatment of chordee is surgery in infancy. Especially by a pediatric urologist, With chordees caused by circumcision, the preferred method…