The functions of the lower back or lumbar spine include structural support, movement and protection of certain body muscles and vertebrae.
Lower back pain may be due to diseases affecting the bones of the lumbar spine, intervertebral discs between the vertebrae, ligaments, which are around the spine and intervertebral discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the lower back, internal organs of the pelvis and affecting the abdomen and skin covered the spine.
In the case of acute back pain due to pressure on the back, the use of a home remedy and spine exercises can be an advantage at first.
Causes of Back Pain
Lumber pain / Back pain that comes on suddenly and lasts no more than six weeks can be caused by a fall or heavy lifting.
Lumber pain / Back pain that lasts more than three months is less common than acute pain.
Common causes of back pain
- Muscle or ligament strain.
- Bulging or ruptured disks.
- Skeletal irregularities.
- Back pain is more common as increasing the age, starting around age 30 or 40.
- Lack of exercise/ Lack of activity: Weak, unused muscles in your back and abdomen might lead to lumber
- Excess weight. Excess body weight / Obesity puts extra stress on your back.
- Some types of arthritis and cancer can contribute to back pain / Lumber pain.
- Improper lifting. Misuse of muscles like using your back instead of your legs can lead to back pain / Lumber pain.
- Psychological conditions. People prone to depression and anxiety appear to have a greater risk of back pain / Lumber pain.
- It reduces blood supply and slows healing.
Treatment of Lumbar Pain
Most acute back pain will improve with a few weeks of home treatment and spine exercises. Mostly, the pain doesn’t go away long, but few have persistent intense pain.·
- For acute back pain, use of over-the-counter pain killer medicine and the use of heat, bed rest are not recommended.·
- You should continue your activities as much as possible. ·
- Try light activities such as walking and everyday activities.·
- Stop activities that increase pain, but don’t avoid activities for fear of pain. ·
- If home treatment doesn’t work after a few weeks, your doctor may suggest stronger medication or other therapies.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers.Painkillers
- Muscle relaxants.
- Topical pain relievers.
Physiotherapy & Exercise
A physical therapist can apply a variety of treatments, such as:
- Muscle release techniques,
- Muscles and soft tissues to relieve pain.
When the pain improves, the therapist can teach you to exercise to
- Increase your flexibility,
- Strengthen your back and abdominal muscles,
- Improve your posture.
- Regular use of these techniques can help reduce pain.