Sexual dysfunction refers to one or more problems that a person or couple face unsatisfied sexual activity. About 43% of women and 31% of men report some sexual dysfunction in life.
What is sexual dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction refers to any problem during the sexual response cycle and prevents the individual or couple from satisfying sexual activity. The cycle of sexual response traditionally includes arousal, plateau, orgasm, and determination. Desire and arousal are both parts of the arousal phase of the sexual response.
Although sexual dysfunction is a common problem (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), many people are reluctant to discuss. As treatment options are available, it’s important to have a mental discussion with your partner and consult healthcare professionals.
What are the types of sexual dysfunction?
It is generally divided into four categories:
- Desired disorders – lack of sexual desire or lack of interest in sex
- Arousal disorder – inability to become physically aroused or aroused during sexual activity
- Pain disorders – pain during sex
- Orgasmic disorders – delay or absence of orgasm (climax)
Who is affected by sexual dysfunction?
It can affect any age, although it is more common in people over 40 years ago because it is often related to the deterioration in aging health.
What are the symptoms of sexual dysfunction?
- Inability to achieve or maintain an erection suitable for intercourse (erectile dysfunction)
- Missing or delayed ejaculation despite sufficient sexual stimulation (delayed ejaculation)
- Inability to control the timing of ejaculation (premature or premature ejaculation)
- Inability to reach orgasm
- Inadequate vaginal lubrication before and during sexual intercourse
- Inability to relax the vaginal muscles to the extent that sexual intercourse is possible
For men and women
- Lack of interest or desire for sex
- Inability to get excited
- Pain during intercourse
What Causes Sexual Dysfunction?
Physical causes: There are many physical and/or medical conditions that can lead to sexual function problems. These diseases include diabetes, heart and vascular diseases (blood vessel diseases), neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, alcoholism, and drug addiction. In addition, the side effects of some medications, including some antidepressants, can affect sexual function.
Psychological causes include work-related stress and anxiety, concerns about sexual performance, marriage or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, concerns about body image, and effects of past sexual trauma.
How is sexual dysfunction diagnosis?
In most cases, people about there are a problem that affects their sexual relationship. The doctor will likely begin with a complete history of the symptoms and a physical exam. Different diagnostic tests can be done to rule out medical problems that may contribute to the dysfunction; laboratory tests play a very limited role in diagnosing sexual dysfunction.
Psychological evaluation of the patient, such as (fear, anxiety, past sexual trauma/abuse, relationship problems, medication, alcohol or drug abuse, etc.) will help. The doctor must understand the underlying cause should be diagnosed and treated recommendations for appropriate treatment.
How is sexual dysfunction treated / Treatment?
Most types of sexual dysfunction can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Other treatment strategies include:
Medications If a medication is the cause of the dysfunction, change the medication. Men and women with a hormonal deficiency can benefit from hormonal vaccines, pills, or creams. In men, drugs like Sildenafil (Viagra®), Tadalafil (Cialis®), Vardenafil (Levitra®, Staxyn®), and Avanafil (Stendra®) can help improve function.